"The ultimate consequence of protecting men from the results of their own folly is to fill the world with fools."

                                                                                                                                                        Herbert Spencer

November 16 - The Day I Was Born

320th day of year with 45 days left (Numerology = 9)

November - The ninth month in the old Roman calendar that began the year in March from novem meaning nine


1.    People Born on the Day
2.    People Died on the Day
3.    Events that occurred on the Day including a murder in Leeds
4.    Literary Events that occurred on the Day
5.    Royalty and Religous Events
6.    Human Achievments and Science Events
8.    Music Events
9.    Entertainment Events
10.  Holidays and Observances

People Born on The Day

In 42BC,Tiberius Claudius Nero, Caesar, 2nd Roman emperor (14-37 AD)
In 1569, Paul Sartorius, composer
In 1587, Joost van den Vondel, Cologne Germany, Dutch poet/dramatist (Jephtha)In 1615, Guillaume Dumanoir, composer
In 1642, Cornelis Evertsen the Younger, Dutch buccaneer/lt admiral of Zeeland
In 1653, Joan van Hoorn, gov-gen of Neth Indies (1707-09)
In 1684, Abraham Alewijn, Dutch poet/playwright (Puiterveense Helleveeg)
In 1715, Girolamo Abos, composer
In 1717, Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert, French philosopher/mathematician
In 1720, Carlo Antonio Campioni, composer
In 1730, Gualtherius "Wouter" van Doeveren, Zealand-Flanders physician
In 1757, Daniel Read, composer
In 1762, Petronella Moens, Frisian author/poetess
In 1766, Rodolphe Kreitzer, France, composer/virtuoso violinist (Paris Conserv)
In 1780, Robert Archibald Smith, composer
In 1793, Francis Danby, Irish painter
In 1807, Fran‡ois Hainl, composer
In 1810, Friedrich Wilhelm Kucken, composer
In 1811, John Bright statesman and free trade reformer
In 1822, Charles Smith Hamilton, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
In 1827, James Southerton, cricketer (Test debut in the 1st ever Test at 49)
In 1829, Anton G Rubinstein, Russian pianist/conductor/composer
In 1835, Elliott Warren Rice, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1887
In 1840, Frederick Scotson Clark, composer
In 1854, Jules van de Heuvel, Belgian lawyer/politician
In 1857, Henry Potoni‚, German paleo-botanist/geologist (sapropelium)
In 1860, Edmund Schuecker, composer
In 1861, Vaclav Suk, composer
In 1862, Charles Thomas Biass Turner, cricketer (the "Terror")
In 1867, Alphonse Daudet French humorist and writer
In 1870, Alfred Hill, composer
In 1873, 1873 - W.C. (William Christopher) Handy (composer: "Father of the Blues": St. Louis Blues)
In 1874, Johanna HC Albregt, Dutch actress (Dumb August)/wife of Henri Dons
In 1880, Alexander A Block, Russian Symbolist Poet - "Verses About Russia"
In 1883, Eugeen Van de Velde, Flemish musicologist/composer (In Tempore Belli)
In 1887, Philip Frohman, US architect
In 1888, Burnet Corwin Tuthill, NYC, composer (Laurentia)
In 1888, Clinton Golden, Penn, founder (United Steelworkers of America)
In 1888, Henri [Ferdinand M J] Bosco, French author/poet (Gogol)
In 1889, George S Kaufman, Pittsburgh Pa(playwright: The Cocoanuts, A Night at the Opera, [w/Moss Hart]: The Man Who Came to Dinner, You Can't Take It with You)1889, Luis Cluzeau-Mortet, composer - 1889 August Croegaert, Flemish liturgist
In 1890, Aloys-Henri-Gerard Fornerod, composer
In 1890, Elpidio Quirino, president of Philippines (1949-53)
In 1890, George Seldes, journalist - died 02.07.1995
In 1893, Cornelis J van der Klauw, Dutch biologist/zoologist
In 1894, Count Richard Coudenhove Kalergi, Austrian politician
In 1894, Mabel Normand, [Muriel Fortescue], Boston MA, comedienne (Mickey)
In 1895, Eduard Bagritsky, [Dzhubin], Russ poet/journalist (South-West)
In 1895, Michael Arlen, Armenia, English author (An American Verdict)
In 1895, Paul Hindemith, Hanau Germany, composer - "Funeral Music For Viola & Strings"
In 1896, Lawrence Tibbett, Bakersfield Calif, baritone (Metropolitan 1923-50) - Fibber McGee (Jim Jordan) (actor: Fibber McGee and Molly)
In 1896, Oswald Mosley, baron/Leader of the British Fascist Party in the 1930's
In 1897, Halliwell Hobbes, Stratford-on-Avon U.K., actor (Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde) - died 20.02.1962
In 1899, Mary Margaret McBride, Paris Mo, radio personality (WOR-AM, NYC) - died 07.04.1976
In 19--, Camilo Sesto, spanish actress (La Playa del Amor)
In 19--, Dan Shor, NYC, actor (Blue & Gray, Cagney & Lacey)
In 19--, Eddie Castrodad, actor (Alan-Dads)
In 19--, Jay Kerr, Del Rio TX, actor (Wizards & Warriors)
In 1902, Marcel Boereboom, Belgian musicologist
In 1905, Eddie Condon, Goodland Ind,(musician:guitar, bandleader, promoter of Dixieland Jazz) - died 04.08.1973 In 1904, Frederik van der Meer, Dutch archaeologist/art historian
In 1904, Nnamdi Benjamin "Zik" Azikiwe, politician
In 1905, Astrid SLT Bernadotte, Queen of Belgium/Princess of Sweden
In 1908, Burgess Meredith, Cleveland Ohio, actor (Academy and Emmy Award-winning actor: The Big Event: Tail Gunner Joe , Batman, Gloria, Mr. Novak, Search, The Day of the Locust, Rocky series, Advice and Consent, Grumpy Old Men, In Harm's Way, Of Mice and Men; author: So Far, So Good a Memoir)  died 09.09.1997
In 1912, Anton [Tom] Koolhaas, author (Weird White)
In 1912, George Petrie, actor (Honeymooners)
In 1916, Daws Butler, Toledo Ohio, animation voice (Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound, Quick Draw McGraw) - died 08.05.1988
In 1917, John Whiting, British dramatist/actor (Saint's Day)
In 1919, Udo Kasemets, composer
In 1920, Betty Hicks, LPGA golfer - 1920 Gene Littler (golf: U.S. Open winner [1961])
In 1922, Royal Dano, NYC,(actor: Mr. Lincoln, Ghoulies 2, The Red Badge of Courage, Huckleberry Finn, The Right Stuff, Johnny Guitar, The Trouble with Harry) - died 15.05.1994
In 1924, Joep J P de Boer, Dutch MP (CDA)
In 1926, Ton de Leeuw, Dutch composer
In 1927, Barbara Payton, Cloquet MN, actress (Dallas, Trapped, Bad Blonde)
In 1928, Glu Gulager, Holdenville Okla,TV/Movie Actor, The Tall Man Billy the Kid, The Virginian's Sheriff Emmett Ryker, The Survivors, The Untouchables' Mad Dog Coll, Once an Eagle
In 1929, Renate Rubinstein, [Tamar], German/Ned's author/columnist (Tamar)
In 1930, Alice Adams, sculptor
In 1930, Chinua Achebe, Nigerian author (Christmas in Biafra)poet and educationalist
In 1931, Bob Gibson, rocker - Hubert Sumlin Blues Performer
In 1932, Barbara Romack, LPGA golfer
In 1933, Guy Stockwell, actor (Chris-Adventures in Paradise) - Lord (Colin)Marshall UK industrialist
In 1935, Professor Sir Magdi Yacoub Cardiothoracic surgeon
In 1935, Elizabeth Drew, journalist (Politics & Money: The Road to Corruption)
In 1935, France-Albert Rene, president of Seychelles
In 1936, Shirvani Chalayev, composer
In 1937, Sir Alan Budd UK economist
In 1938, Richard Landry, composer
In 1938, Troy Seals Songwriter/C&W Sinder/Guitarist -  Toni Brown, US guitarist/singer/keyboardist (Joy of Cooking)
In 1939, Wayland Flowers Comedian Vetriloquist(The Andy Williams Show) - died 11.10.1988
In 1939, Michael Billington writer & critic
In 1940, Chris Balderstone,cricket batsman/footballer
In 1941, Ann Dore McLaughlin, US Secretary of Labor
In 1941, Dan Penn, US songwriter/producer/gospel singer (Out in Left Field)
In 1942, Donna McKechnie, Pontiac Michigan, actress/dancer (Company)
In 1942 Willie Carson ex UK flat jockey and TV commentator
In 1943, Winfred "Blue" Lovett, US singer (Manhattans-One Life to Live)
In 1944, Charles Jay Hammer, actor (Fletcher Reade-Guiding Light)
In 1944, David O'Sullivan, NZ cricket left-arm spinner (in 11 Tests 1973-76)
In 1944, Hugo Dittberner, writer
In 1944, Joanna Pettit, London, Actress (Knots Landing, Cry of the Innocent)
In 1945, Martine van Hamel, Brussels Belgium, ballerina (NYC Ballet Co)
In 1946, Barbara Leigh, Ringgold Ga, actress (Vampirella)
In 1948, Aline Issermann, director (Amant Magnifiquew)
In 1948, Chi Coltrane, US pianist/singer,Songwriter,Music Producer,Arranger
In 1948, Steve Railsback, actor (Blue Monkey, From Here To Eternity , Escape 2000)
In 1949, Pattie Santos, Singer with It's a Beautiful Day
In 1949, William Ackerman, composer
In 1950, Carl J Meade, Illinos, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 38, STS 50, 64)
In 1950, David Leisure, actor (Joe Isuzu, Airplane, Charley-Empty Nest)
In 1953, Griff Rhys Jones, British humorist/actor/writer
In 1956, Peter Ainsworth British Conservative MP
In 1957, Frank Milton "Pete" Higgins II, VP (Microsoft Desktop)
In 1958, Harry Rushakoff, rocker (Concrete Blonde)
In 1958, Marg Helgenberger, North Bend Nebraska, actress (China Beach)
In 1958, Roberto Guerrero, Medelin Colombia, Indy racer (Rookie of Year 1984)
In 1959, Bert Cameron, Spanish Town Jamaica, 4X400m relayer (Olympic-silver-1988)
In 1959, Corey Allen Pavin, Oxnard CA, PGA golfer (1995 US Open)
In 1961, Frank Bruno, British boxer (European champ)
In 1962, Chuck Finley, pitcher (Angels)
In 1963, Gay "Mani" Mournfield, English pop bassist with the Stone Roses
In 1963, Zina Garrison - Jackson, Houston Texas, Tennis player (1988/90 Wimbledon)
In 1964, Dwight Gooden, Tampa FL, pitcher (NY Yankees, NY Mets)
In 1965, Glen Edward Day, Mobile AL, PGA golfer (1994 Anheuser-Busch-2nd)
In 1965, Valeria Bruni Tedeschi, Turin Italy, actress (Normal People)
In 1966, Dan Nowosielski, Montreal Quebec, fencing epee (Olympics-96)
In 1966, Lisa Brown Miller, ice hockey forward (USA, Oly-98)
In 1966, Tammy Lauren,TV Actress (Angie, Out of the Blue)
In 1966, Tim Scott, Hanford Calif, pitcher (Montreal Expos)
In 1966, Tricia Cast, Medford NY, actr (Amanda-Bad News Bear, Young & Restless)
In 1967, Gabriel Jongejans, Dutch drummer (Lo‹s Lane)
In 1967, Lawrence Dawsey, NFL wide receiver (Tampa Bay Bucs)
In 1967, Lisa Bonet, SF, actress (Cosby Show, Different World, Angel Heart)
In 1968, Chris Haney, Baltimore MD, pitcher (KC Royals)
In 1968, Ebrahim Essop-Adam, cricketer (one ODI for Zimbabwe 1992)
In 1968, Melvin Stewart, US butterfly swimmer (200m record)
In 1968, Suzi Simpson, Athens Greece, playmate (Jan, 1992)
In 1969, Mike Devlin, NFL guard/center (Buffalo Bills, Cardinals)
In 1969, Thomas Ingalsbe, 238+ lbs (108+ kg) US weightlifter (Olympics-1996)
In 1970, Jason Carthen, WLAF linebacker(Rhein Fire)

In 1970, Martha Plimpton, NYC, actress (Goonies, Mosquito Coast)

In 1971, Donald Wolf, computer game creator
In 1971, Waqar Younis, cricketer (Pakistan fast/swing bowler)
In 1973, Howard Smothers, NFL guard (Phila Eagles)
In 1973, Joe Hudepohl, US, 800m freestyle relay (Olympics-gold-96)
In 1973, Sedrick Shaw, running back (New England Patriots)
In 1977, Oksana Baiul, Ukraine, figure skater (Olympic-gold-1994)
In 1979, Michael Faustino, actor (brother of David)
In 1979, Salli Wills, Australia, gymnast (Olympics-96)
In 1992, Adam Robert Worton, Newark DE, twin actor (Baby's Day Out)
In 1992, Jacob Joseph Worton, Newark DE, twin actor (Baby's Day Out)

People Who Died On The Day

In 1271, Henry III, king of England (1216-71,dies
In 1499, Perkin Warbeck pretender to the English throne is executed in London
In 1512, Gerbrand Mockema, Fries rebel, beheaded
In 1512, Jemme Herjuwsma, Fries rebel, beheaded

In 1548, Caspar Cruciger, German church reformer, dies at 44
In 1603, Pierre Charron, French philosopher/theologian, dies
In 1632, Gustavus II Adolphus, king of Sweden, dies in battle at 37
In 1667, Nathaniel Schnittelbach, composer, dies at 34
In 1668, Antoon Anselmo, South Netherlands lawyer, dies at about 79
In 1706, Cornelis Evertsen, mutineer/ltalian-admiral of Zeeland, dies at 64
In 1706, Godfried Schalcken, painter/etcher/engraver, dies
In 1724, Jack Sheppard, English robber, hanged at Tyburn London In 1745, Lucas Von Hildebrandt architect
In 1766, Dominikus Zimmermann, German architect/painter, dies at 81
In 1775, Marian Paradeiser, composer, dies at 28
In 1797, Frederik Willem II, king of Prussia (1786-97), dies at 53
In 1808, Mustapha IV, sultan of Turkey (1807-08), dies at 29
In 1831, Karl von Clausewitz, Prussian strategist (Campaign 1813), dies at 51
In 1835, Louis Angely, German comedic poet (Paris in Pommern), dies at 48
In 1885, Louis Riel, French rebel who fought against Canada, executed at 41
In 1890, Johann A H Scheler, Belgian man of letters/librarian, dies at 71
In 1893, George Alexander Osborne, composer, dies at 87
In 1909, Francis Thome, composer, dies at 59
In 1919, S˜fert H Koorders, botanist (Java), dies at 55
In 1924, Alexander Andreyevich Archangel'sky, composer, dies at 78
In 1924, Edward Everett Rice, composer, dies at 75
In 1932, Carry van Bruggen, [de Haan], Dutch author (Eva), dies at 51
In 1934, Carl P G von Linde, German physicist  dies at 92
In 1934, Joachim Ringelantz, writer, dies
In 1935, Kurt Schindler, composer, dies at 53
In 1943, Marcel Verhamme, Belgian resistance fighter, executed
In 1944, Charles Kellaway, cricketer (26 Tests 1910-1928), dies
In 1945, Kaarlo Sarkia, Finnish poet (Kohtalon Vaaka), dies at 43
In 1952 Charles Maurras writer and philosopher founder of Action Francaise

In 1955, Tomasz Arciszewski, Polish premier (1944-47), dies at 88
In 1957, Cora Witherspoon, actress (Quality Street, Bank Dick), dies at 67
In 1958, Johan W F Werumeus Buning, poet (...de boer h˜ ploegde voort), dies
In 1958, Warner Fabian, [S Adams], US author (Great American Fraud), dies at 87
In 1960, Clark Gable, actor (Gone With the Wind), dies at 59 from a heart attack. He had recently completed filming John Huston's The Misfits. Production took much longer than planned because of delays caused by the film's other star, Marilyn Monroe. Gable, forced to sit around for days while the filming dragged on,volunteered to do many of his own stunts, including being dragged in the dust behind a wild horse in the 110-degree Nevada desert sun. The scene required several takes, leaving Gable bloodied and rope-burned. The physical strain took its toll on the actor. He had a mild heart attack two days after filming ended, and then seemed to be recuperate quickly. But, 10 days later, he died suddenly at his home. Gable had never quite recovered from the untimely death of his beloved third wife, actress Carole Lombard. His fifth wife, Kay, gave birth to his only child, a boy, four months after his death. Marilyn Monroe felt responsible for "The King's" death, and some critics speculated that her guilt over Gable's death may have contributed to her own suicide. Gable's list of film credits included Gone With the Wind, San Francisco, Mutiny on the Bounty, China Seas, Mogambo, Teacher's Pet, and his Oscar-winning performance in It Happened One Night.
In 1961, Sam Rayburn, Speaker of the House for 17 years, dies at 79
In 1964, Albert Hay Malotte, composer, dies at 69
In 1964, John Emery, actor (Ship Ahoy, Kronos, Mademoiselle Fifi), dies at 59
In 1964, Piet Moeskops, Dutch world champion cyclist (1921-24, 26), dies at 71
In 1965, Alexander King, author (Jack Paar Show), dies at 66
In 1968, Greet Hofmans, faith healer of Dutch queen Juliana, dies at 74
In 1971, Charlie Dell, comedian, dies at 90
In 1971, Edward Sedgwick, director, dies of barbiturate overdose at 28
In 1972, Andrey Filippovich Pashchenko, composer, dies at 87
In 1973, Alan Watts, writer/popularizer of Zen, dies in Calif
In 1974, Walther Meissner, German physicist (Meissner Effect), dies at 91
In 1975, Ernst van Raalte, lawyer/minister-president, dies at 83
In 1976, Franz MT de Liage B”hl, German/Dutch assyriologist, dies at 94
In 1978, Claude Dauphin, French actor (Les Miserables, Mado), dies at 75
In 1978, Cornelis P "Cor" Bru˜n, Dutch novelist (Sil), dies at 95
In 1980, Imogen Hassall, Countess of Cleavage (Carry on Lovng), suicide at 37
In 1981, Enid Markey, actress (Aunt Violet-Bringing Up Buddy) -  "Tarzan's First Jane", dies at 85
In 1981, Morgan Conway, actor (Dick Tracy Detective), dies
In 1981, William Holden, actor (Network, Wild Bunch, Breezy), dies at 63
In 1982, Arthur Askey, British comedian, dies at 82
In 1985, John J Sparkmann, (Sen-D-Ala), dies at 85
In 1986, Siobhan McKenna, actress (Dr Zhivago, Hungry Hill), dies at 63
In 1988, Lotte Stam-Beese, German/Neth architect, dies at about 85
In 1991, Ralph Marrero, actor (Babe, Johnny Suede), dies in car accident at 33
In 1993, Evelyn Venable, model (Columbia Pictures logo), dies of cancer at 80
In 1993, Lucia Popp, Czech/Austria soprano (Vienna Opera), dies at 54
In 1994, Chester Dino Powers Valenti, singer/Songwriter with- Quicksilver Messenger Service dies
In 1994, Dan Smith, harmonica/gospel singer, dies at 83
In 1994, David Rayner, cyclist, dies
In 1994, Doris Speed, actress (Annie Walker in Coronation Street), dies at 95
In 1994, Harvey Watkins, gospel Singer, dies at 64
In 1994, John Boylan, US actor (Twin Peaks, Sleepless in Seattle), dies at 82
In 1995, Gwyn A Williams, historian/socialist, dies at 70
In 1995, Jack Finney, author (Body Snatchers), dies at 84
In 1996, George Byatt, playwright, dies at 73
In 1996, Jack Popplewell, composer/playwright, dies at 87
In 1996, John Reginald Bevins, politician, dies at 88
In 1997, George Petrie, actor (Honeymooners), dies on 85th birthday
In 1997, Georges Marchais, Sec Gen of French Communist Party (1972-94), dies
In 1997, Russ "Mad Monk" Meyer, pitcher (Phila Phillies), dies at 74.

In 1998, at age 85 of Hollywood songwriter and film producer Saul Chaplin, the man behind musicals such as “An American in Paris” and “West Side Story.”


Events That Occurred On The Day

In , Tiberius' triumphant procession through Rome after siege of Germany
In 1380, French King Charles VI declares no taxes for ever
In 1532, Pizarro captures Incan emperor Atahualpa after victory at Cajamarca
In 1572, Don Frederiks troops occupy and plunder Zutphen
In 1632, Battle of Lutzen: Sweden beats imperial armies under Von Wallenstein
In 1676, The Nantucket Island Prison on Nantucket Island, located in the English colony of Massachusetts. Local authorities hire William Bunker to establish the first prison in the American colonies. For every year Bunker serves as a Prison Warden , the court agrees to pay him "foeur pounds, halfe in wheat, the other in other graine." The necessity of a prison on Nantucket had been growing steadily since 1672, the year that the island's English residents, looking for an additional source of revenue, encouraged whaling men to settle on the island. Whales were abundant and could be caught close inshore, and soon Nantucket's residents had learned the tricks of the trade from their new settlers. By 1712, the coastal population of whales had greatly diminished, so the Nantucket islanders all whalers by now, took to the oceans in search of valuable sperm whales. One hundred years later, Nantucket was one of the Worlds greatest whaling centers and the third largest city in Massachusetts.
In 1677, French troops occupy Freiburg
In 1683, Hendrik Casimir II of Nassau-Dietz marries Henri‰tte Amalia
In 1700, Monarch of Brandenburg becomes king of Prussia
In 1750 Westminster Bridge is formally opened
In 1763, English journalist John Wilkes injured at duel
In 1764, Native Americans surrender to British in Indian War of Chief Pontiac
In 1771, West Indian Company & Amsterdam divide up Surinam
In 1776, First gun salute - for US Andrea Doria at Ft St Eustatius
In 1776, Hessians Capture Fort Washington During the Revolutionary War, Lieutenant General Wilhelm von Knyphausen and a force of 3,000 Hessian mercenaries lay siege to Fort Washington at dawn. For several hours Knyphausen meets stiff resistance from the American riflemen inside, but by the afternoon the Patriots are overwhelmed, and Colonel Robert Magaw agrees to surrender the fort and his nearly 3,000 men inside. Two weeks earlier, William Demont, the first traitor to the America cause in the Revolution, had deserted from the Fifth Pennsylvania Battalion and given the British intelligence information concerning the Patriot defense of New York, including information about the location and defense of Fort Washington. Demont's treason significantly contributed to Knyphausen's swift victory.
In 1798, Kentucky becomes the first state to nullify an Act of Congress
In 1801, First edition of New York Evening Post
In 1805, Battle at Schungrabern: Russian army stop French
In 1811, Earthquake in Missouri caused the Mississippi River to flow backwards
In 1824, New York City's Fifth Avenue opens for business
In 1835, Charles Darwins voyage published in Cambridge Philosophical Society
In 1852, J R Hind discovers asteroid #22 Kalliope
In 1856, Amsterdam post office at Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal opens
In 1859, Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Groza," premieres in Moscow
In 1863, Battle of Campbell's Station TN, 492 casualities
In 1864, Confederate retreat at Lovejoy, Georgia
In 1864, after destroying Atlanta's warehouses and railroad facilities, General William T. Sherman, with 62,000 Union men began their "March to the Sea," sweeping across a 60-mile front, laying waste to the Georgia countryside. President Lincoln on advice from Grant approved the idea. "I can make Georgia howl!" Sherman boasts. - to celebrate General Sherman's march to the sea, Henry Clay wrote the song, "Marching Through Georgia".
In 1870, Spanish Cortes selects King Amadeus I
In 1875, Battle at Gundet: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
In 1882, British HMS Flirt fire at & destroy Abari village in Niger
In 1890, J Palisa discovers asteroid #301 Bavaria
In 1894, 6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan
In 1894, French capt Henri Decoeurs troops reach Nikki West Africa
In 1895, British Bechuanaland becomes part of the Crown Colonies
In 1901, 3 autos race on Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn,
In 1904, Max Wolf discovers asteroid #550 Senta & #551 Ortrud
In 1905, Neth/Russ Count Witte becomes premier of Russia
In 1907, Oklahoma becomes 46th state of the USA - Oklahoma Enters the Union The Indian and Oklahoma territories collectively enter the United States as Oklahoma, the forty-sixth state. Oklahoma, with a name derived from the Choctaw Indian words "okla," meaning people, and "humma," meaning red, was first set aside as Indian Territory in 1834. By 1880, dozens of tribes,forced into relocation by European immigration and the U.S. government, had moved to the territory. In 1889, the federal government, under pressure by cattlemen, opened nearly two million acres in central Oklahoma for settlement. At noon on April 22, a pistol shot signaled the opening of the new land, and tens of thousands of people rushed to stake claims. Those who had already made illegal entry to beat the starting gun were called "Sooners," hence Oklahoma's state nickname. In 1890, the region was divided into Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory and seventeen years later was united into the State of Oklahoma
In 1908, Arturo Tuscanini begins conducting NY's Metropolitan Opera
In 1909, EVV Eindhoven soccer team forms
In 1912, J H Metcalf discovers asteroid #736 Harvard
In 1914, Federal Reserve System formally opens
In 1916, Eugene O'Neill's "Bound East for Cardiff," premieres in NYC
In 1916, I Berlin/V Herbert/H Blossoms musical premieres in NYC
In 1916, Max Wolf discovers asteroid #845 Naema
In 1916, USSR La Satannaya ammunitions factory explodes, killing 1,000
In 1917, British occupy Tel Aviv & Jaffa - Georges Clemanceau becomes French Premier
In 1917, G H Peters discovers asteroid #886 Washingtonia
In 1918, Hungarian People's Republic declared
In 1919, Admiral Horthy conquerors Budapest from B‚la Kuns Soviet Republic
In 1920, First postage stamp meter is set in Stamford Conn - the Russian Counter Revolution ends
In 1922, Pope Pius XI calls on Belgian people to unite
In 1922, Turkish kalief/sultan Mehmed VI asks British army for help
In 1924, Cleveland Bulldogs lose to Frankford Yellowjackets, ends 31-game
In 1924, undefeated streak (NFL & major-league football record)
In 1925, Max Wolf discovers asteroid #1053 Vigdis
In 1926, NY Rangers 1st game, beat Montreal Maroons 1-0
In 1933, Brazilians president Getulio Vargas names himself dictator
In 1933, Roosevelt establishes diplomatic relations with USSR
In 1935, Richard Rodgers & Lorenz Hart's musical "Jumbo," premieres in NYC
In 1936, German air force begins bombing of Madrid
In 1938, K B Regiment refuses round-table conference in East-India
In 1938, L Oterma discovers asteroid #1540 Kevola
In 1939, Al Capone freed from Alcatraz jail
In 1939, German U-boat torpedoes tanker Sliedrecht near Ireland
In 1941, German troops conquer Kertsh (probably)
In 1942, Assault of US B-17 Flying Fortresses on airport at Sidi Ahmed - Battle of Derma
In 1944, US 9th division & 1st Army attacks at Geilenkirchen
In 1947, 15,000 demonstrate in Brussels against the short sentences of Nazi's
In 1948, Operation Magic Carpet - 1st plane from Yemen carrying Jews to Israel
In 1950, Egyptian king Faruk demands departure of all British troops
In 1950, UN gets US govt approval to issue postage stamps
In 1950, US pres Truman proclaims emergency crisis caused by communist threat
In 1952, Papagos' Greek Concentratie wins Greeks parliamentary election
In 1955, First speed-boat to exceed 200 mph (322 kph) (D M Campbell)
In 1955, KLM orders 8 DC-8's
In 1955, Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Yussuph V returns to Morocco
In 1957, "Copper & Brass" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 36 perfs
In 1957, Celtic Bill Russell sets NBA record of 49 rebounds beat Phila 111-89
In 1957, Ed Gein of Plainfield Wisconsin butchers last victim
In 1957, Okla's NCAA win streak ends at 47 after losing to Notre Dame 7-0
In 1959, "Sound of Music" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 1443 perfs
In 1960, NL batting champion Dick Groat wins MVP
In 1961, Great Britain limits immigration from Commonwealth countries
In 1962, Kuwait adopts constitution (1st, Islamitic)
In 1962, Wilt Chamberlain of NBA SF Warriors scores 73 points vs NY Knicks
In 1963, Toledo, OH newspaper strike began
In 1964, Radio CJCX Sydney Nova Scotia (Canada) starts shortwave transmission
In 1964, USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
In 1965, Walt Disney launches Epcot Center: Prototype Community of Tomorrow
In 1966, Dr. Samuel H. Sheppard was acquitted in his second trial of charges he had murdered his pregnant wife, Marilyn, in 1954.
In 1967, Retired harness racehorse Native Dancer died after stomach surgery in Philadelphia.
In 1966, In the northern Pacific Ocean the greatest meteor shower in historic times
In 1969, Massacre of civilians at My Lai South Vietnam, by US combat troops is first reported
In 1970, Pakistani officials said the death toll in the typhoon and tidal wave that struck the Bay of Bengal could reach one-half million.
In 1972, "Dear Oscar" opens at Playhouse Theater NYC for 5 performances
In 1973, President Nixon authorizes construction of Alaskan pipeline
In 1974, Harvard College discovers asteroid #2076 Levin
In 1974, Milwaukee Bucks lose their eleventh straight NBA game (team record)
In 1975, Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Jacksonville Ladies Golf Open
In 1976, Ren‚ Levesque's "Parti Qu‚b‚‡ois" wins elections in Quebec
In 1976, Rick Barry (SF), ends then longest NBA free throw streak of 60
In 1977, Rod Carew wins AL MVP award
In 1977  Shah of Iran, left Tehran for a meeting with U.S. President Jimmy Carter, saying he would work actively against an increase in oil prices.
In 1978, Major Indoor Soccer League holds its first draft
In 1979, L I Chernykh discovers asteroid #4622 Solovjova
In 1980, Tampa Bay Buccaneer QB Doug Williams throws for 486 yards
In 1981, "Merrily We Roll Along" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 16 performances
In 1981, Dennis Lillee kicked Javed Miandad, who waved his bat at Dennis
In 1981, Luke marries Laura on TV's General Hospital in front of 16 million viewers
In 1981, P Jekabsons discovers asteroid #3929 Carmelmaria
In 1982, Fifth Space Shuttle Mission-Columbia 5-lands at Edwards AFB
In 1982, Aggrement reached ending 57 day football strike
In 1983, Kapil Dev takes 9-83 v West Indies at Ahmedabad, but India still lose. Also in 1983 English fans riot after England beat Luxembourg 4-0, but fail to qualify for soccer's European finals.
In 1983, A jury in Gretna, Louisiana, acquits Californian feminist leader Ginny Foat of the brutal murder of Argentine businessman Moses Chaiyo and the fatal shooting of another man during a robbery outside of New Orleans, Louisiana, in 1965. Foat, a president of the California chapter of the National Organization of Women (NOW) during the 1970s, was charged with the murder in 1977, but eluded authorities until her capture in 1983. Although Foat's spouse at the time was a known criminal, and the two had criminal associates, Foat proclaimed to have "changed her life" since the murders, and the jury could not, without reasonable doubt, convict her.
In 1984, Houston blocks 20 Denver shots tying NBA regulation game record
In 1984, Imran Khan makes his first appearance for NSW Cricket In 1985, troops called in to help run Baragwanath hospital in Soweto South Africa after about 1,800 employees are dismissed after they went on strike for better pay and conditions.
In 1986, Gerber Products stated that it will produce baby food in plastic jars, instead of glass - a first.
In 1987, The U.S. Supreme Court by an 8-0 vote upheld the federal mail & wire fraud convictions of former Wall Street Journal reporter R. Foster Winans and two co-defendants in connection with an insider-trading scheme.
In 1988, Estonia's Parliament declared the Baltic republic "sovereign," -  it stopped short of full independence, with the right to veto Soviet laws.
In 1988, Jose Canseco is first unanimous AL MVP since Reggie Jackson
In 1988, Benazir Bhutto Elected Prime Minister In Pakistan, citizens vote in their first open election in over a decade,choosing as Prime Minister the populist candidate Benazir Bhutto, daughter of former Pakistani leader Zulfikar Bhutto. After General Mohammed Zia ul-Haq seized power in Pakistan through a military coup in 1977, Zulfikar Bhutto was tried and executed by General Zia's regime. Benazir, Zulfikar Bhutto's daughter, was placed under a seven-year house arrest. In 1984, Benazir Bhutto fled to England where she became the leader of the Opposition Pakistan People's Party. In 1988, General Zia was killed along with the US Ambassador to Pakistan in a mid-air explosion of a Pakistani Air Force plane in which they were passengers. After General Zia's death, Bhutto returned to Pakistan and launched a nationwide campaign for open elections,subsequently becoming a leading candidate. Three months later, Bhutto was elected the Islamic country's first female head of state.
In 1988, Robin Givens sues Mike Tyson for $125 million, charging libel because of a New York Post story in which Tyson calls her and her mother, "the slime of the slime."
In 1989, Six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper and her teenage daughter were shot to death at their residence in San Salvador, capital of the Central American nation of El Salvador. Scandal ensued when it became evident that the Salvadoran government, closely allied with Washington, included military officers capable of doing things like this if they suspected missionaries of aiding rebels.
In 1989, Seven children were killed when a tornado struck an elementary school near Newburgh, N.Y.
In 1989, South African President FW de Klerk announces scrapping of Separate Amenities Act - also in 1989, dead Israeli soldier's heart given to Arab for transplant.
In 1990, E W Elst discovers asteroid #7416 Linnankoski
In 1990, Manuel Noriega claims US denied him a fair trial
In 1991, Former Louisiana Govenor Edwin Edwards won a landslide victory in his bid to return to office, defeating state David Duke, a former Ku Klux Klan leader
In 1991 Boris Yeltsin issued a series of decrees that effectively transferred control of his republic's economy from Soviet central government to the Russian Federation.
In 1992, President-elect Clinton and Democratic congressional leaders held a news conference in Little Rock, Ark., in which they pledged a "new era" of action.
In 1992, a federal judge in Los Angeles refused to reconsider the Navy's appeal of an injunction that forced the service to reinstate sailor Keith Meinhold, the first openly homosexual person on active duty in the U.S. military.
In 1992, In their first post-Soviet elections, Lithuania's Democratic Labor Party of ex-communists, won victory.
In 1992, the United Nations Security Council voted to authorize a naval blockade on the Danube River and the Adriatic coast to tighten economic sanctions on Yugoslavia.
In 1992, Endate & Watanab discover asteroid 5978 Kaminokuni & 6567 Shigemasa
In 1992, S Ueda & H Kaneda discover asteroid #8184
In 1993, Farra d'Isonzo discovers asteroid #7838
In 1993, Hollywood Wildcat, Kotashaan, Lure, Phone Chatter at Belmont
In 1993, James Carrey files for divorce from Melissa
In 1993, Russian President Yeltsin shuts Lenin museum
In 1993, US Senate voted, 69-to-30, to approve a measure designed to protect people who provide or seek abortions from physical attacks or intimidation by abortion opponents.
In 1993, Horse Racing Breeders' Cup-Champions Arcangues, Brocco, Cardmania, - also in 1993 Moscow: Lenin's museum, once a Communist shrine, is closed down.                                             

In1994, a federal judge issued a temporary restraining order prohibiting the State of California from implementing provisions of Proposition 187, a voter-approved measure that would deny most public services to illegal aliens. Also in 1994, the Ukranian parliament in Kiev ratifies the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.

In 1995, A Nakamura discovers asteroid #6804 Maruseppu Also in 1995, Attorney General Janet Reno announces she has Parkinson disease - Refusing to bend in a test of wills, President Clinton threatened anew to veto the latest Republican offer to end a three-day partial government shutdown. - Queen Mother Elizabeth undergoes hip surgery
In 1995, S Ueda & H Kaneda discover asteroid #7535
In 1995, U.N. tribunal charged Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and his military commander Ratko Mladic with genocide.
In 1996, Italian Champion Vincenzo Imparato defended his title in a TKO of Fabrizio De Chiara, who collapsed following the match and lapsed into a coma. Also the Labour Party changes its policy on Europe, pledging to hold a referendum before taking sterling into a single European currency.
In 1997, CFL Grey Cup: Toronto beats Saskatchawan, 47-23
In 1997, China's most prominent pro- democracy campaigner, Wei Jingsheng, arrived in the USA after being released on medical parole after nearly 18 years in prison.
In 1997, The ATP, celebrating its 25th anniversary, names Pete Sampras the top tennis player over the last 25 years. Sampras, the top ranked ranked player in the world the past five years, received 26 first place votes for a total of 779 points, while second place went to Bjorn Borg, who had 17 first place votes for a total of 754 points.
In 1998, Germany: Monika Haas is jailed for five years for her part in a 1977 aircraft hijacking. The Majorca to Frankfurt flight was diverted by Palestinian terrorists to Aden, where the pilot was murdered.

Also included is "Murder on November 16th"

There are other murders and crimes that occurred on the same day and where appropiate I will post either the relevant link or post the relevant details

The murder of six Jesuits and two women at the University of Central America San Salvador 16th November 1989

The last victim of Ed Gein "The Butcher of Plainsfield" (Bernice Worden) was murdered on 16th November 1957

Events With a Sheffield Connection
16 November 1740
St Pauls church consecrated.
16 November 1850
Sheffield born Edward Curr died. He was appointed manager of the Van Dieman's Land company in 1824 and was influential in the government of Van Dieman's Land. He was responsible for naming Sheffield in Tasmania
16 November 1880
Victorian Industrialist Mark Firth suffered a stroke at his Norfolk Works and would die 12 days later. He is buried in Sheffield's General cemetery
16 November 1923
The BBC opened a relay station, 6FL, in Corporation Street.
16 November 2005
The Arctic Monkeys release their second single, "When the Sun goes down"

Literary Events

1745 William Broome, most remembered for his translation of Homer's Odyssey and Anacreon, dies in Bath, Somerset. His own Poems on Several Occasions was published in 1727.
1758 Peter Heiberg, Danish poet, playwright, and militant spokesman for the radical political ideas generated by the French Revolution, is born in Vordingborg.
1810 Karel Hynek Mácha, considered the greatest poet of Czech Romanticism, is born in Prague. He would become influenced as a student by the Czech national revival and by English and Polish Romantic literature. His best work is the lyrical epic Máj (1836, May)
1849 For engaging in socialist activities Fyodor Dostoevsky receives the death sentence, later commuted to four years' hard labor in Siberia.
1889 Playwright George S. Kaufman, who will collaborate with Edna Ferber on Dinner at Eight and Stage Door, is born in Pittsburgh.
1897 Following his release from Reading Gaol, Oscar Wilde writes his friend Robert Ross: "It is curious how vanity helps keep the successful man and wrecks the failure. In old days half of my strength was my vanity."
1909 Ralph Gustafson, Canadian poet whose work reflects that of the 19th-century British poet Gerard Manley Hopkins, is born in Lime Ridge, near Sherbrooke, Quebec. Educated at Oxford, he became a tutor and journalist in London, settled in New York after World War II, and then returned to Canada. Though his early work will show marked individuality of style, his later work is usually considered his best, including Rivers Among Rocks (1960), Sift in an Hourglass (1966), Conflicts of Spring (1981), and Shadows in the Grass (1991). He will also write two volumes of short stories, The Brazen Tower (1974) and The Vivid Air (1980).
1921 The Portugese writer, José Saramago, who will be awarded the 1998 Nobel Prize for Literature, is born in Azinhaga. The Nobel citation reads, in part, "who with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality." First trained as a machanic, his first success at writing will come at 60 after working in the publishing business.
1930 Prominent Igbo novelist acclaimed for his unsentimental depictions of the social and psychological disorientation brought about by the imposition of Western customs and values upon traditional African society, Chinua Achebe is born. His novels, including Things Fall Apart (1958) and Arrow of God (1964) will be well translated

Royalty and Religious Events

In 1380, French King Charles VI declares no taxes for ever.
In 1621, The Papal Chancery first adopted January 1st as the beginning of the calendar year. Previously, March was the first month, which explains why our modern names for the 9th and 12th months begin with prefixes meaning "7" (sept), "8" (oct) "9" (nov) and "10" (dec).
In 1914, Pope Benedict XV calls for peace.
In 1925, American Association for the Advancement of Atheism formed in NY.
In 1945, Yeshiva College (Univesity), chartered in NY, first US Jewish College.
In 1946, the Evangelical United Brethren Church is organized at Johnstown, Pa.

Human Achievement and Science Events

In 1841, Napoleon Guerin of New York City patented the cork life preserver (with 18-20 quarts of grated cork). In 1875, Dr. William Gibson Arlington Bonwill of Philadelphia, PA patented the dental mallet used to impact gold into cavities.
In 1901, 1901 - Henry Fournier drove a mile in 51 4/5 seconds,becoming the first auto racer to drive more than a mile-a-minute in competition - in Brooklyn, New York.
In 1938, Tottenham Hotspurs Willie Hall set an international soccer record for most goals scored in the shortest span of time when he scored three times during a span of 3 1/2 minutes.
In 1945, the discovery of americium and curium is announced.
In 1955, First speed-boat to exceed 200 miles per hour by D.M. Campbell.
In 1963, the touch-tone telephone was introduced.
In 1965, the Soviets' Venus 3 is launched, the first man-made to land on another planet - Venus
In 1968, the Soviet Union announced it had launched the world's largest space ship to date, the Proton Four.
In 1973, Skylab 3, with three US astronauts, was launched from Cape Canaveral on an 84-day mission.

In 1974, the first intentional interstellar radio message sent, Arecibo telescope towards M 41, a cluster of stars some 25,000 light years away.
In 1982, fifth Space Shuttle Mission-Columbia 5-lands at Edwards AFB.
In 1984, the Space Shuttle Discovery landed at Cape Canaveral, Florida, carrying on board the first two satellites ever salvaged from outer space. The astronauts who achieved this were Fred Hauck, David Walker, Dale Gardner, Anna Fisher and Joseph Allen.
In 1990, the first superconducting transistors able to operate at high temperatures are built at the Sandia National Labs in Albuquerque, New Mexico

Music Events

I have listed all the Number one UK singles as at November 16 each year on a seperate page. The singles start in 1953 with Frankie Laine's "Answer Me" and as you would expect go from the sublime to the riduculous.

In 1801, Beethoven wrote another one of his poignant letters about his deafness. In this one, to a friend named Wegeler, Beethoven said, quote, "I will wrestle fate; it shall never drag me down." At this point Beethoven still had eight of his nine symphonies ahead of him.
In 1839, The Rite of Spring was completed. We know this because Igor Stravinsky said so, writing in a parenthetical clause that he had a toothache as he composed the final notes.
In 1900, The Philadelphia Orchestra was launched.
In 1908, Conductor Arturo Toscanini made his debut in the United States this day. He appeared at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York, conducting "Aida"
In 1935, The Rodgers and Hart musical, "Jumbo", opened in New York for a run of 233 performances.
In 1937, Bob Crosby and his orchestra recorded "South Rampart Street Parade" - on Decca Records
In 1956, "Just Walkin' In The Rain"by Johnny Ray hit No1 in the U.K. Singles chart staying there for 7 weeks.
In 1955, Johnny Cash made his first chart appearance with "Cry Cry Cry"
In 1957, British TV rock show " 6.5 Special" was broadcast live from London's "2 I's" coffee bar.
In 1959, 1959 - The Rodgers and Hammerstein musical ``The Sound of Music'' opened on Broadway.
In 1963, "Deep Purple" by Nino Tempo & April Stevens peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart
In 1965 the first known rock "light show" was created by Houston promoter Bill Ham ZZ Top,s future manager.
In 1968, "Witchita Lineman" by Glen Campbell entered the Top 40 chart
In 1970, Anne Murray received a gold record for "Snowbird",the first Canadian recording artist to receive one.
In 1973, David Bowie stars in his first TV special, "1980 Floor Show," broadcast here on NBC's "Midnight Special." It had been taped a month earlier at London's Marquee Club, a favorite of Bowie's. It was one of the few clubs that would book him in his early career because they were considered "a very freaky band."
In 1973, John Lennon releases "Mind Games" album
In 1974, "Whatever Gets You Through The Night" by John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band peaked at #1 on the US singles chart. Guest star Elton John played piano and organ as well as providing backing vocals.
In 1974, "You're The First, The Last, My Everything" by Barry White entered the Top 40.
In 1978, the rock group Queen performed at Madison Square Garden. Several women in risquee dresses circled the stage on bicycles while the group sang "Fat Bottomed Girls."
In 1979, Paul McCartney releases his "Wonderful Christmas" single.
In 1984, "Ride The Lightning" album by Metallica was released
In 1984, Paul McCartney see's John Lennon's son Julian for the first time in 10 years when they hosted NBC-TV's "Friday Night Videos." Paul talked about how he wrote "Hey Jude" for Julian.
In 1985, "Tonight She Comes" by Cars entered the US Top 40 chart.
In 1985, "Walk Of Life" by Dire Straits entered the US Top 40 chart.
In 1985, Irish group U2 launched their own label, Mother Records, with the aim of discovering new talent and providing an outlet for known acts lacking a sympathetic record company.
In 1986, Frank Sinatra left a Rancho Mirage, California, hospital one week after undergoing surgery for diverticulitis.
In 1987, Paul McCartney releases "Once Upon a Long Ago".
In 1987, Actress Lisa Bonet marries singer Lenny Kravitz                                                                                   In1993, "Bat Out Of Hell II: Back Into Hell" by Meat Loaf was certified Gold, Platinum & Multi Platinum
In 1993, "All For Love" single by Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart & Sting was released - "Greatest Hits" album by Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers was released
In 1996, "Anthology 3" by The Beatles debut at #1 on the US album chart.

Entertainment Events

In 1903, V Herbert & H Smith' musical "Babette," premieres inNew York Ciry Two years later in 1925, Philip Barry's "In a Garden," premieres in NYC In 1932, The Palace in New York City closed its doors. It was the most famous vaudeville theatre in America. Later, it became a movie house with live performances preceding the flicks the most notable being Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis.
In 1933, Katharine Hepburn, Joan Bennett, Frances Dee, and Paul Lukas starred in "Little Women" that premiered at Radio City Music Hall.
In 1935, The Rodgers and Hart musical, "Jumbo" opened in New York City, for a run of 233 performances.
In 1936, Margaret Sullivan wed Leland Hayward
In 1945, the movie "Casper the Friendly Ghost" by Famous Studios, was released in the USA. In 1950, "Cyrano de Bergerac" starring Jose Ferrer opened at the Bijou theater.
In 1959, 40 years ago, the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical "The Sound of Music" opened on Broadway, starring Mary Martin as Maria von Trapp and Theodore Bikel. It would run for 1,453 performances.
In 1960, "Butterfield 8" starring Elizabeth Taylor, Laurence Harvey, and Eddie Fisher, opened at the Capitol.In In 1965, First public announcement about Walt Disney World. - Walt Disney launches Epcot Center: Prototype Community of Tomorrow.
In 1974,NBC-TV began a two-night showing of the award-winning motion picture, "The Godfather", starring Marlon Brando. The film represented the highest price ever paid for a movie shown on TV. NBC paid Paramount Pictures $10 million for the showing of the picture, a deal Paramount "...just couldn't refuse."
In 1976, Brian DePalma's "Carrie" starring Sissy Spacek, Piper Laurie, Amy Irving, Nancy Allen and John Travolta opened at the Red Carpet theaters in New York.
In 1977, Steven Spielberg's "Close Encounters of the Third Kind" starring Richard Dreyfuss, Teri Garr, Melinda Dillon, Francois Truffaut and Bob Balaban premiered at the Ziegfeld Theatre                                                        

In1982, Tom Stoppard's "Real Thing," premieres in London

In1989, "Gypsy" opens at St James Theater NYC for 477 performances
In 1990, the movie "The Rescuers Down Under" was released in the US as was the movie "Home Alone"ulkin
In 1993, "Any Given Day" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 32 performances
In 1996, 18th ACE Cable Awards: HBO wins 28 awards
In 1996, XXX actor Marc Davis weds XXX actress Kobe
In 1996, "Into the Whirlwind" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 2 performances
In 1997, "1776," closes at Criterion Theater NYC


[Oklahoma] Admission Day (1907)
[Sweden] Gustavus Adolphus-day (1632)
[US] Natl Children's Book Week Begins
[West Germany] Repantance Day


In 1093, [Ang, RC] Memorial of Margaret, Queen of Scotland (opt)
In 1302, [RC] Feast of St Gertrude, virgin/patron of West Indies (opt)
[Greek church] St Matthew & Paul of Cross
[RC] St Edmund Rich, archbishop of Canterbury
[RC] St-Otmar/Audemar, 1st abbot of Sankt Gallen
As a final aside to this section I was born on Monday 16th November 1953. On that day the major headline was that "U.S. joins in condemnation of Israel for Jordan raid". Nearly fifty years later the headline seems rather a familar ring to it

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This page was last updated on 16/11/09 12:45