The Living Dead of Montague Street - Sheffield 1911

The following document is a copy of a 1891 entry for Machon Bank Sheffield. Living at 24 Machon Bank are the BROOMHEAD family. The head of the household is a 34 yeear old saw grinder Matthew Broomhead, his wife Elizabeth who is a year younger, and four children - 3 boys and a girl. The oldest child is JOHN WILLIAM who is 10 years old, his brother HERBERT is seven years old, his younger sister ALICE is age five and finally the baby of the family ERNEST is 1 year old. The couple had been married 11 years.   

I have not been able to locate the family in the 1901 census but have found them 10 years later living in Montague Street in the Sharrow district of Sheffield. The houses on the street were demolished many years ago.

Montague Street Sharrow Sheffield - Photograph taken 9th August 2012

This is a copy of the schedule for the family in the 1911 Census. There are in total 11 entries - the two parents and nine children

Mathew Broadhead 54
Elizabeth Broadhead 53
John William Broadhead 30
Ptrbet Broadhead 27 Herbert
Alice Broadhead 25 Married
Ernest Broadhead 21 dead
Mathane Broadhead 19 Matthew dead
Elizabeth Broadhead 17
Perey Broadhead 14 Percy
Elisie Broadhead 12
Clarice Edna Broadhead 7

But three of the entries are dead and one other has married and moved away. The three who died were all boys JOHN WILLIAM, ERNEST and MATTHEW. The one who was married was ALICE. 

It appears from the schedule that the head of the household MATTHEW BROADHEAD who filled the form listed all nine of their children whether they were living or dead. He then put their age down as it would have been had they lived. For instance JOHN WILLIAM was 19 when he died in December 1900 but is listed as being 30 years of age. Similarly ERNEST is listed as being 21 in 1911 but he died age 3 in December 1893. Matthew has made a partial attempt to erase those children of his who passed away or got married but it was not very successful. For example   

Name John William Broadhead
Age in 1911 30
Estimated Birth Year abt 1881
Relation to Head Son Gender Male
Birth Place Sheffield
Civil parish Ecclesall  Ecclesall, Yorkshire-West Riding, England
Street Address 79 Montague St Sheffield Registration district Ecclesall Bierlow Registration District Number 509 Sub-registration district Sharrow ED, institution, or vessel 2 Piece 27813
Household Members 
Name Age
Mathew Broadhead 54
Elizabeth Broadhead 53
John William Broadhead 30
Ptrbet Broadhead 27 Herbert
Alice Broadhead 25 Married
Ernest Broadhead 21 
Mathane Broadhead 19 
Elizabeth Broadhead 17
Perey Broadhead 14 Percy
Elisie Broadhead 12
Clarice Edna Broadhead 7

So all 9 children are listed in the Census as being living but only 6 had survived by 1911 - 2 boys and four girls. Three of the boys died, the eldest son JOHN WILLIAM died in an horrific manner in December 1900 when he was just 19 year old  

These are the newspaper reports of the accident and the inquest

December 6th 1900
An inquest was opened at the Royal Hospital by the City coroner, Mr. D. Wightman, yesterday morning, concerning the death of John William Broadhead, aged 19, of 13, Solferino Street. The deceased’s father said that his son was apprenticed under him as a saw grinder at Messrs. Dennis Francis Hagan’s Works, Bishop Street. The boy was working at the grindstone when it broke, and he was caught by a flying stone. Witness went up to him and picked him up, and he was conveyed to the hospital, but on the way there he succumbed to his injuries. The stone, which was a Wickersley stone, and about three feet high, had been in use about a month. Deceased had only been working thirty minutes when the accident happened. 
The inquest was adjourned at this stage until Thursday afternoon, so that Commander Hamilton Smith, Her Majesty’s Inspector of Factories, could be notified to attend.

December 12th 1900
The Sheffield City coroner held an inquest at the Royal Hospital, this afternoon, on the body of John William Broadhead, aged 19 years, of 13, Solferino Street, Sheffield, who met with a fatal accident on Thursday morning. Mr. T. Taylor, Her Majesty’s Inspector of Factories, was present during the inquiry.
Deceased was a saw grinder, employed by Mr. Dennis Francis Hogan, of the Jail Works, Bishop Street. On Thursday morning he commenced work at eight o’clock, and worked on a stone 3ft. in diameter. His father, Matthew Broadhead, worked on a stone 4ft. 6in. in width, next to him. Both stones had been obtained from Wickersley, and deceased’s stone had been in use for about a month before the accident happened. At ten minutes to nine on Thursday morning deceased was grinding a saw, when suddenly the stone broke in several pieces. The largest portion flew up and hit him in the face, knocking him down, and rendering him unconscious. He was badly cut about the head and face. The ambulance arrived, and took him to the Royal Hospital, but he died before his arrival.
In answer to the coroner, the father said that the stone was hung by himself and deceased. It was then, and had been every morning since, thoroughly examined, but no flaw was visible. At the time of the accident the stone was not travelling at an unusual speed. The cause of the accident, in witness’ opinion, was that water had gradually soaked into the stone, and rendered a part of the interior soft. After the accident witness found a dark seam inside, where the stone had snapped.
The jury returned a verdict of “Accidental death”.

JOHN WILLIAM was buried with his two younger brothers who both died in the same year 1893 - ten month old Matthew in July followed by his brother Ernest in December. 

BROADHEAD, Elizabeth (Widow, age 81). Died at 2 Herries Rd; Buried on June 23, 1941 in Consecrated ground; Grave Number 13852, Section Y of City Road Cemetery, Sheffield.Plot Owner: ~ ~ of ~. Page No 286 
Broadhead, Ernest (Child, age 3). Died at 24 Machin Bank; Buried on December 6, 1893 in Consecrated ground; Grave Number 13852, Section Y of City Road Cemetery, Ecclesall Br.Plot Owner: ~ ~ of ~. Page No 789 
BROADHEAD, John William (Saw Grinder, age 19). Died at Jail Works, Bishop St; Buried on December 8, 1900 in Consecrated ground; Grave Number 13852, Section Y of City Road Cemetery, Ecclesall Bw. Plot Owner: ~ ~ of ~. Page No 1353 
BROADHEAD, Matthew (Grinder, age 56).Died at 79 Montague St; Buried on May 13, 1912 in Consecrated ground; Grave Number 13852, Section Y of City Road Cemetery, Sheffield Plot Owner: ~ ~ of ~. Page No 2256 
Broadhead, Matthew (child, age 10months) Died at 24 Machon Bank; Buried on July 1, 1893 in Consecrated ground; Grave Number 13852, Section Y of City Road Cemetery, Sheffield Plot Owner: ~ ~ of ~. Page No 750 

They were joined by their father MATTHEW in 1912 and mother ELIZABETH in 1941.

But MATTHEW did put down that 7 persons were living in the 5 roomed property - 3 males and 4 females. And that 6 of his children were living and 3 had died. The problem was that he listed all nine and added years on to those that were dead so as to show their age in 1911 had they lived, The enumerator and transcriber treated them as living people and so they appear on the 1911 Census even though they died years before. 

As a footnote another of their sons died in 1913 in Sheffield's Winter Street Hospital

BROADHEAD, Herbert (File Grinder, age 30).
Died at Winter Street Hospital; Buried on February 12, 1913 in Consecrated ground; Grave Number 18, Section B2 of Burngreave Cemetery, Sheffield. Parent or Next of Kin if Available: . Remarks: Officiating Minister, W.A Martin : Removed from Sheffield.

Sources

UK CENSUS

Sheffield Indexers

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This page was last updated on 25/01/18 15:49